Python Remove B Prefix

Public Python 2 modules used by other packages must have their binary package name prefixed with python-. In this post, we’ll be using OpenCV to apply OCR on the selected region of an image. Also, you can use del statement to remove items from a list or delete an entire list. In Python, this is the main difference between arrays and lists. It was first introduced in 1955, the same year as Smith & Wesson's M29. Regards, Frank. Suppress/ print without b' prefix for bytes in Python 3. commonprefix([seq1,seq2]) http://docs. For a string P with characters P 1, P 2,…, P q, let us denote by P[i, j] the substring P i, P i+1,…, P j. This article will. In the case that you do not want to update to Python 3, you could make use of substrings. But HTML tags themselves are sometimes not helpful when processing text. This is where Anaconda comes in the picture. Backlash \ is used to escape various characters including all metacharacters. new_img = a * original_img + b Here a is alpha which defines contrast of the image. This will print the output as b'Hello world!' since the write() method takes input data in bytes (hence the b prefix on the string). That is, the CSV is created with Python-specific b prefixes, which other programs don't know what to do with. We're then requested to retrieve a specific path from the tree, represented by a list of elements. Write your code in this editor and press "Run" button to execute it. Import make_archive class from module shutil Use the split function to split out the directory and the file name from the path to the location of the text file (guru99) Then we call the module "shutil. 5 on Raspbian. The First Way: Using Python's in Keyword The first way to check if a string contains another string is to use the in syntax. #!/usr/bin/python print u'Hello, world!' When the above code is executed, it produces the following result − Hello, world! As you can see, Unicode strings use the prefix u, just as raw strings use the prefix r. Tip: Buffer protocol methods require byte-prefix string literals, even for arguments to methods like replace(). python_version(). A B+ tree can be viewed as a B-tree in which each node contains only keys (not key-value pairs), and to which an additional level is added at the bottom with linked leaves. The prefix option specifies where to install a given package when you are installing a Python package. Learning Raspberry PI and Basic Linux Get server time from python to html and refresh every 10 seconds. This is known as calling the function. Regex Overview. SPC u SPC m t t to run one test with nose. You'll also learn how to build data pipelines that take advantage of these Pythonic tools. Python Standard Library: Core Modules 1-5 The trick is that you can actually call this function directly. To put it simply, it helps developers with string formatting and concatenation. Learn more. We can read excel files as well as write excel files. Most people likely have experience with pivot tables in Excel. I have a string that loks like "u'mystring'". ']``, then ``foo. By continuing to browse this site, you agree to this use. bye_b = slice ( 2 , - 1 ) # equialent to 'somewords'[2:-1] else : self. We prefix the literals with a "b. Non-Programmer's Tutorial for Python 2. If you have string literals in your code that represent data, prefix them all with the b'' prefix [more info] Remove all L suffixes from your long integers. join(l) as `l`[2::5], which saves a byte. Go to the editor Click me to see the sample solution. This can be handy if you have the module name in a string variable, like in the following example, which imports all modules whose names end with "-plugin": Example: Using the __import__ function to load named modules. Thus, every list in Python is associated with a number of methods, which when called upon a list object (list_object_name. In this article, we're going to dive deep into each approach of implementing Icons on the web and see which approach is the best in terms of performance, accessibility, styling options and browser support. However, running these commands interactively can get tedious even for your own personal projects, and things get even more difficult when trying to set up development environments automatically for projects with multiple contributors. If you see it echoed in your Python shell or as part of a list, dict or other container contents, then you see a bytes object represented using this notation. Experiment in doctests for strings on Python 2. js’ npm or Ruby’s bundler, it is similar in spirit to those tools. If you want to become a writer for this. I have been trying to solve a modification of the Longest Common Prefix problem. howto print binary number. Thus, every list in Python is associated with a number of methods, which when called upon a list object (list_object_name. x to Python 3000 for most code involving 8-bit strings. According to the Wikipedia page on Pandas, “the name is derived from the term “panel data”, an econometrics term for multidimensional structured data sets. This tutorial will guide you through installing Python 3 on your local Linux machine and setting up a programming environment via the command line. They may only contain ASCII characters; bytes with a numeric value of 128 or greater must be expressed with escapes. If you’d like to contribute, fork us on GitHub! This handcrafted guide exists to provide both novice and expert Python developers a best practice handbook to the installation, configuration, and usage of Python on a daily basis. The biggest one is that the bytestring was removed. 2012-09-28 22:51 pramsey * Remove unused point in poly function 2012-09-28 22:48 pramsey * Add ptarray_contains_point to ptarray file, so that all other liblwgeom functions can use the one routine. Using r prefix before RegEx. h file with test helpers (#3208) Initially containing QGSCOMPARENEAR(a,b,epsilon) which prints debug information if the comparison fails Hugo Mercier 2016-06-23 Allow curved polygons to be inverted (fixes #15113) Alexander Bruy 2016-06-23 support 25D layers in network analysis library (fix #11952) Alexander Bruy 2016-06-23 fix signal-slot connection in New SpatiaLite layer dialog (fix #14343) Harrissou Sant-anna 2016-06-23 rename "snapping mode. The license is BSD-3-clause. In triple-quoted strings, unescaped newlines and quotes are allowed (and are retained), except that three unescaped quotes in a row terminate the string. Note that the early Python versions (3. Arduino Python Communication Via USB: Sometimes when working on an Ardunio project, it is necessary to send data back and forth between a computer. On Tue, Jul 13, 2010 at 8:49 PM, News123 wrote: I wondered about a potentially nicer way of removing a prefix of a string if it exists. A charter fishing boat captain leaving a marina for open water saw the 6-foot snake coiled in the water Thursday morning. A Python environment is a context in which you run Python code and includes global, virtual, and conda environments. Input and Output. One of the primary reasons people use Python is for analyzing and manipulating text. I also notice that you only want to remove some of the namespaces so that complicates things. Conversion of Prefix expression directly to Postfix without going through the process of converting them first to Infix and then to Postfix is much better in terms of computation and better understanding the expression (Computers evaluate using Postfix expression). How do you do that? the fastest way? I wrote a couple of alternative implementations and did a quick benchmark loop on the various implementations to find out which way was the fastest. remove(element) remove. pop() method to remove the last element from the list. For example, you would want to take input from the user and then print some results back. How to use Split in Python. b'I posted a new photo to Facebook' I gather the b indicates it is a byte. when code is automatically converted with 2to3). if you have an object of type A in a. He was appointed by Gaia (Mother Earth) to guard the oracle of Delphi, known as Pytho. 100% Automatically. of b (under shortcut evaluation). Some utilities, such as tests and the pure Python automaton. 4 and newer. If the search is successful, search() returns a match object or None otherwise. 7, the 'b' prefix is ignored and string literals are byte strings by default anyway. String literals can be enclosed by either double or single quotes, although single quotes are more commonly used. Type the specific order to achieve the desired result. Using a Python recipe? Installing ActivePython is the easiest way to run your project. 2012-09-28 21:52 pramsey * Remove no longer used function, lwgeom_pt_inside_circle. It was replaced with an object called bytes which is created by the Python 3 bytes syntax: b'foo'. something like. Python Programming. In this tutorial, you'll learn to create a simple Discord bot with Python. Extends the list by appending all the items from the iterable. written on Tuesday, July 2, 2013 I figured that it might be the right time to do an updated introduction to unicode in Python. Join characters. Hasta luego!. A Python Interpreter. 1, but required significant buildup of other areas to. Push “)” onto STACK, and add “(“ to end of the A Step 2. In string processing, we might often end up with a string that has white characters at the beginning or at the end of a string. This can be handy if you have the module name in a string variable, like in the following example, which imports all modules whose names end with "-plugin": Example: Using the __import__ function to load named modules. A regular expression in a programming language is a special text string used for describing a search pattern. Remove remove() works sort of like giving pop an index to remove, but instead of giving remove() an index you give it the actual value of the element. If you’re using an earlier version of Python, the simplejson library is available via PyPI. Given the same inputs, most computer programs generate the same outputs every time, so they are said to be deterministic. Python Overview Python Built-in Functions Python String Methods Python List Methods Python Dictionary Methods Python Tuple Methods Python Set Methods Python File Methods Python Keywords Module Reference Random Module Requests Module Python How To Remove List Duplicates Reverse a String Python Examples Python Examples Python Exercises Python. In Python 3, the 'b' separator string prefix is crucial (join a sequence of strings of type bytes with a separator of type bytes). The KeyError is encountered when using a dictionary. Here is a nice run of several failures and how pytest presents things:. Regex Overview. Python supports another binary sequence type called the bytearray. Use virtual environments A virtual environment is a unique combination of a specific Python interpreter and a specific set of libraries that is different from other global and conda environments. how to remove suffix from filename. Every aspect of a plotly chart (the colors, the grids, the data, and so on) has a corresponding key-value attribute in these objects. Learn more. It parses an argument sequence, such as sys. For Python 2 compatibility, also prefer the Python 3 equivalent if you expect that the size of the dict to be small and bounded. Unfortunately it does not share much of the API with strings. String interpolation is a term used to describe the process of evaluating a string value that is contained as one or more placeholders. x strings containing bytes >127, which must be rewritten using escape sequences. Wing also works with pygame and other Python-based game engines. uk - By Isabella Nikolic For Mailonline. count(substring[, start[, end]]) Count occurrences of substring S. Preserving the old 8-bit meaning of a string literal is usually as simple as adding a b prefix. x, however, this prefix indicates the string is a bytes object which differs from the normal string (which as we know is by default a Unicode string), and even the 'b' prefix is preserved:. 1 has been released! Codenamed "Business as Usual", 3. If we add the same item element multiple times, they are removed. Bytes and bytearray objects can be created with a special string literal syntax. #!/usr/bin/python print u'Hello, world!' When the above code is executed, it produces the following result − Hello, world! As you can see, Unicode strings use the prefix u, just as raw strings use the prefix r. Add to favorites In this Python tutorial, we will be learning how to create decorators with parameters that accept arguments. Experienced Software Engineer with a demonstrated history of working in the information technology and services industry Skilled in Big Data technologies, Data Structures, Algorithm, Software Development, App Development, Databases, Python. Note that the early Python versions (3. To remove an environment from the project, select Remove. It also determines the default value of CONDA_PY when using conda build. How to make tables in Python with Plotly. The problem is to find a common substring (beginning from the start) for all strings in a given list. We can remove HTML tags, and HTML comments, with Python and the re. 0, IPython stopped supporting compatibility with Python versions lower than 3. In Python source code, an f-string is a literal string, prefixed with ‘f’, which contains expressions inside braces. For using this method, we need to create the tempfile using w+t mode instead of the default w+b mode. We can read excel files as well as write excel files. While it is exceedingly useful, I frequently find myself struggling to remember how to use the syntax to format the output for my needs. While using the regular expression the first thing is to recognize is. in takes two "arguments", one on the left and one on the right, and returns True if the left argument is contained within the right argument. We have to specify the Unicode code point for the character and 'None' as a replacement to remove it from the result string. In this lesson we're going to talk about that how to remove punctuation from a string in python programming language by using translate and maketrans methods. The term white spaces (characters) refers to invisible characters like new line, tab, space or other control characters. Plotly's Python graphing library makes interactive, publication-quality graphs. The "%" operator is used to format a set of variables enclosed in a "tuple" (a fixed size list), together with a format string, which contains normal text together with "argument specifiers", special symbols like "%s" and "%d". Sadly the [:] notation is widely used, probably because most Python programmers don’t know a better way of copying lists. So, be sure that the first occurrence is the one that you want to remove. Its design philosophy emphasizes code readability, and its syntax allows programmers to express concepts in fewer lines of code than would be possible in languages such as C++ or Java. the remove method b. This issue is now closed. Really, the test for whether to keep or remove the prefix should be to remove the prefix and try and resolve the path again. On Python 2, the virtualenv program (or the Python module) is required to create virtual environments. 3 once again supports the u prefix. Problem: We read a complex json-file which grants us a tree in terms of a python "dict of dicts". 6, f-strings are a great new way to format strings. In Python 3, strings are represented in Unicode. Write Excel We start by importing the module pandas. Learn what a knowledge graph is, and how to make one in Python. Here what I tried so far:. I am getting one caution some message " Anomly : Meaningless REX Prefix used " when ever I performed any command based operations like gpupdate and others even it is being. Defining substring. He was appointed by Gaia (Mother Earth) to guard the oracle of Delphi, known as Pytho. Similarly, use `C-c C-s b` for bold, `C-c C-s c` ;; for inline code, and `C-c C-s k` for inserting `` tags. Least-squares fitting in Python This outputs the actual parameter estimate (a=0. Now available for Python 3! Buy the. This Python article shows how to fix the KeyError. GPIO module is installed by default in Raspbian. Rose Internet-Draft Dover Beach Consulting, Inc. If you see it used in Python 3 source code, the expression creates a bytes object, not a regular Unicode str object. 2 Python Numbers – Type Conversion; 1. Note that while you can create raw f-strings by using the prefix "fr", you cannot create binary f-strings with "fb" in Python 3. remove() Method - Python method remove() removes the file path. By continuing to browse this site, you agree to this use. We define a class thee which. String Formatting in Python. Repeat this for all the operators in an expression, and finally remove any superfluous brackets. New exercise are posted monthly, so check back often, or follow on Feedly, Twitter, or your favorite RSS reader. Scan A from right to left and repeat step 3 to 6 for each element of A until the STACK is empty Step 3. " " is a Python literal which is ASCII Linefeed (LF) it means a newline in a string. Learn the latest GIS technology through free live training seminars, self-paced courses, or classes taught by Esri experts. Functional Programming in Python (PYTHON)( ) Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. In the case that you do not want to update to Python 3, you could make use of substrings. News: information about the most recent releases. Basic python list problems -- no loops. Table provides a Table object for detailed data viewing. For Python version 3. Regex Overview. 5 or later with developer packages (python-dev, python-numpy) ffmpeg or libav development packages: libavcodec-dev, libavformat-dev, libswscale-dev [optional] libtbb2 libtbb-dev [optional] libdc1394 2. The "%" operator is used to format a set of variables enclosed in a "tuple" (a fixed size list), together with a format string, which contains normal text together with "argument specifiers", special symbols like "%s" and "%d". A stemming algorithm reduces the words “chocolates”, “chocolatey”, “choco” to the root word, “chocolate” and “retrieval. In the dialog, do the following: Select + Create a new project. to change the location, position, station, or residence of; to transfer (a legal proceeding) from one court to another…. So how to remove that? Remove b' from the prefix of base64 code in Python. h file with test helpers (#3208) Initially containing QGSCOMPARENEAR(a,b,epsilon) which prints debug information if the comparison fails Hugo Mercier 2016-06-23 Allow curved polygons to be inverted (fixes #15113) Alexander Bruy 2016-06-23 support 25D layers in network analysis library (fix #11952) Alexander Bruy 2016-06-23 fix signal-slot connection in New SpatiaLite layer dialog (fix #14343) Harrissou Sant-anna 2016-06-23 rename "snapping mode. We define a class thee which. But you'll also have to remove the prefixes from any impacted objects. b'I posted a new photo to Facebook' I gather the b indicates it is a byte. A prefix of 'b' or 'B' is ignored in Python 2; it indicates that the literal should become a bytes literal in Python 3 (e. Scan from the left, and calculate the prefix sum. The prefix er-usually indicates the successful completion of an action, and sometimes the conclusion means death. Python Bytes, Bytearray: Learn Bytes literals, bytes() and bytearray() functions, create a bytes object in Python, convert bytes to string, convert hex string to bytes, numeric code representing a character of a bytes object in Python, define a mapping table characters for use with a bytes object in Python, convert bytes to hex in Python, how to get the character from the numeric code in bytes. The latest version is up to Python 3. Here what I tried so far:. For queries regarding questions and quizzes, use the comment area below respective pages. Infix to Prefix Conversion Algorithm of Infix to Prefix Step 1. For instance, subprocess output captured in Python 3. While this chapter will. py, serialize it, write it to a file, and on b. Namespaces are a fundamental idea in Python and can be very helpful in structuring…. py FILE" # and it will process the headers and show the time taken # for each server hop (nb: if server times are wrong, negative dates # might appear in the output). If sep is not specified or is None, a different splitting algorithm is applied: runs of consecutive whitespace are regarded as a single separator, and the result will contain no empty strings at the start or end if the string has leading or trailing whitespace. Python string stripping white characters. Install python and pip as local user on shared Linux A few days ago, I was struggling to install python on a Linux machine, in which I had no root permission. Python subprocess. We have the strip(), lstrip(), and rstrip() methods to remove these characters. Remove attachments displayed in the email message header Open the email message in the reading pane or double-click the message to open it in a new window. In this case we know that the variable B is being multiplied by the variable C since the multiplication operator * appears between them in the expression. For Python version 3. Travelopy - travel discovery and journal LuaPass - offline password manager WhatIDoNow - a public log of things I am working on now. Here you need to specify an item to be removed. frame objects, statistical functions, and much more - jzwinck/pandas. There are times with Python when you need to locate specific information in a string. It is great for managing app settings during development and in production using 12-factor principles. On this page: open(), file path, CWD ('current working directory'), r 'raw string' prefix, os. Actually, after I just pasted that string here in the text box, the text that I am typing turned white with blue highlighting. How to use Split in Python. Using a dictionary is recommened here since its easier to manage the number of variables and in general the code itself would more succint and cleaner. Raw strings begin with a special prefix (r) and signal Python not to interpret backslashes and special metacharacters in the string, allowing you to pass them through directly to the regular expression engine. 1 Python Numbers. The cheat sheet focuses on the scientific/data Python tools, e. Once you have created a list, you can add, remove or search for items in the list. Use virtual environments A virtual environment is a unique combination of a specific Python interpreter and a specific set of libraries that is different from other global and conda environments. Also, you can use del statement to remove items from a list or delete an entire list. Hello, I was just using the Microsoft help chat and the last message that the employee sent was followed by . Virtualenv is a tool used to create an isolated Python environment. Backlash \ is used to escape various characters including all metacharacters. 0 ? ), as all strings will be unicode in a more or less distant. 18 Most Common Python List Questions Discover how to create a list in Python, select list elements, the difference between append() and extend(), why to use NumPy and much more. Note Although the formal definition of "regular expression" is limited to expressions that describe regular languages, some of the extensions supported by re go beyond describing regular languages. They are extracted from open source Python projects. From what I can gather from the documentation the b prefix represents a bytes literal, but can anyone explain (in simple english) what this means? Many thanks, Alan. If we want to represent a byte string, we add the b prefix for string literals. Python list is a sequence of values, it can be any type, strings, numbers, floats, mixed content, or whatever. Pandas : Get frequency of a value in dataframe column/index & find its positions in Python; How to convert Dataframe column type from string to date time. Updated docs and NEWS for ST_Union. Change all your print statements to use print() functions, and remove all the u'' prefixes from your strings. Now, you could use something like the arduino ethernet shield, which would send data over a network, but if you want something easy and. how to remove suffix from filename. In this tutorial, we will see how to append items to dictionary. Python on it’s own is not going to be very useful unless an IDE is installed. For Python training, our top recommendation is DataCamp. It is available so that developers that use older versions of Python can use the latest features available in the json lib. Well organized and easy to understand Web building tutorials with lots of examples of how to use HTML, CSS, JavaScript, SQL, PHP, Python, Bootstrap, Java and XML. Python supports integers, floating point numbers and complex numbers. Two completely separate notions. The markup used for the Python documentation is reStructuredText, developed by the docutils project, amended by custom directives and using a toolset named Sphinx to post-process the HTML output. The same code runs both on Python 2 (≥ 2. While Python 2. From what I can gather from the documentation the b prefix represents a bytes literal, but can anyone explain (in simple english) what this means? Many thanks, Alan. bytearray objects are very like bytes objects, despite some differences: There is no dedicated syntax built into Python for defining a bytearray literal, like the 'b' prefix that may be used to define a bytes object. Python Basics Whitespace matters! Your code will not run correctly if you use improper indentation. when code is automatically converted with 2to3). If you see it used in Python 3 source code, the expression creates a bytes object, not a regular Unicode str object. On Tue, Jul 13, 2010 at 8:49 PM, News123 wrote: I wondered about a potentially nicer way of removing a prefix of a string if it exists. The primary value of a B+ tree is in storing data for efficient retrieval in a block-oriented storage context — in particular, filesystems. com is a site collecting all the cheatsheets,all!. bye_b = slice ( None , None ) # equialent to 'somewords'[:]. A bunch of the tweets I am importing are having this issue where they read. If we had put a "1" where the "-1" is, we'd get the same result as before. >>> b 'prefix in Python 2. Python Regular Expressions. This site uses cookies for analytics, personalized content and ads. Burmese python caught while swimming in Naples Bay. An iterable is an object we can iterate over; such as a string or a list. Python and CPython are used interchangeably in this text but any mention of Python refers to CPython which is the version of python implemented in C. 5 is integer whereas 5. Learn the latest and greatest version of the most popular programming language in the world!. All video and text tutorials are free. These are often used to implement default, or optional, values. In this post, we will talk about Python list functions and how to create, add elements, append, reverse, and many other Python list functions. The biggest one is that the bytestring was removed. The following are code examples for showing how to use re. A 'u' or 'b' prefix may be followed by an 'r' prefix. They are defined as int, float and complex class in Python. It is defined below. Quick Introduction To Objects And Classes. Stemming programs are commonly referred to as stemming algorithms or stemmers. Because the head ListNode can be removed in the end, I create a dummy ListNode and set it as a previous node of head. ” But I think it’s just a cute name to a super-useful Python library!. The implementation of argparse supports features that would not have been easy to add to optparse, and that would have required backwards-incompatible API changes, so a new module was brought into the library instead. Python all() function checks if all Elements of given Iterable is True. Infix, Prefix and Postfix Expressions¶ When you write an arithmetic expression such as B * C, the form of the expression provides you with information so that you can interpret it correctly. com DataCamp Learn Python for Data Science Interactively Initializing Spark PySpark is the Spark Python API that exposes the Spark programming model to Python. Remember also that Python objects provide a wide range of automatically created attributes such as __class__ or __doc__. Python includes the following built-in methods to manipulate strings −. While python lists can contain values corresponding to different data types, arrays in python can only contain values corresponding to same data type. Defining substring. The core built-in types for manipulating binary data are bytes and bytearray. It is extremely useful for extracting information from text such as code, files, log, spreadsheets or even documents. 1 * Install or upgrade to the DAG RPM Subversion packages with slightly newer but compatible versions. xmlns: prefix =" URI ". x' 'prefix in Python 2. For this, we use the csv module. 7 with the Python 3 Miniconda. graph_objects and dict. This post will show you how to use Python to connect to a SQL Server database, save and retrieve data. This means we will have to build it ourselves, and here is how to do it. If you are looking for examples that work under Python 3, please refer to the PyMOTW-3 section of the site. On Python 2, the virtualenv program (or the Python module) is required to create virtual environments. If you see it echoed in your Python shell or as part of a list, dict or other container contents, then you see a bytes object represented using this notation. SOURCE: LS2208 - Adding a CTRL 1 as a prefix Well, I received contact back from Motorola/Symbol pretty quickly. Most styling can be specified for header, columns, rows or individual cells. Datacamp has beginner to advanced Python training that programmers of all levels benefit from. org/library/os. Introduction What you will make. We have the strip(), lstrip(), and rstrip() methods to remove these characters. These are very similar in nature to how strings are handled in C. Therefore, the search is usually immediately followed by an if-statement to test if the search succeeded,. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. All key bindings prefix with SPC l s, including sending line, sending selection or even send whole buffer. The core built-in types for manipulating binary data are bytes and bytearray. Some additional escape sequences, described below, are available in Unicode strings. In this article, we're going to dive deep into each approach of implementing Icons on the web and see which approach is the best in terms of performance, accessibility, styling options and browser support. 1 String literals. Python ZIP file with Example. String Formatting in Python. In a string, the values are characters; in a list, they can be any type. Stack Exchange network consists of 175 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers. By continuing to browse this site, you agree to this use. Similarly, use `C-c C-s b` for bold, `C-c C-s c` ;; for inline code, and `C-c C-s k` for inserting `` tags. sub Examples. Note that the early Python versions (3. In this way, GIMP-Python is similar to Script-Fu, except that you can use the full set of Python extension modules from the plug-in. 2) do not support the u prefix. Reserved Words You may not name your variables any of the following words as they mean special things in Python:. A double underscore prefix causes the Python interpreter to rewrite the variable name in order to avoid naming conflicts in subclasses. I was recently working on a problem and noticed that pandas had a Grouper function that I had never used before. Really, the test for whether to keep or remove the prefix should be to remove the prefix and try and resolve the path again. The following list shows you how to perform common string methods, or actions on a string, in Python. Logic-2 Medium boolean logic puzzles -- if else and or not.